Heroin is an opioid drug derived from morphine, a natural substance taken from the seed pod of the various opium poppy plants grown in Southeast, Southwest Asia, and South America, Mexico, and Colombia. Heroin can either be a white powder or brown powder, or a black sticky substance is known as black tar heroin. some people will call heroin as big H, horse, hell dust, and smack.

Heroin Overdose Overview

Over the past decade, fatal opioid overdose has grown to be a major public health issue internationally. This paper examines the risk factors for overdose from a biomedical perspective. While significant risk factors for opioid overdose fatality are well recognized, the mechanism of fatal heroin overdose remains unclear.

Losses of tolerance and concomitant use of alcohol and other CNS depressants clearly play a major role in a fatality; however, such risk factors do not account for the strong age and gender patterns observed consistently among victims of a heroin overdose. There is evidence that systemic disease may be more prevalent in users at the greatest risk of overdose.

We hypothesize that pulmonary and hepatic dysfunction resulting from such disease may increase susceptibility to both fatal and non-fatal drug overdose. Sequelae of non-fatal overdose are recognized in the clinical literature but few epidemiological data exist describing the burden of morbidity arising from such sequelae. The potential for an overdose to cause persisting morbidity is reviewed.

Drug overdose statistics

Drug overdose deaths involving any opioid

―prescription opioids (including methadone), other synthetic opioids, and heroin―rose from 18,515 deaths in 2007 to 47,600 deaths in 2017; before declining to 46,802 in 2018. More than 68% of deaths occurred among males (Figure 3). From 2017 to 2018, the number of deaths involving prescription opioids declined to 14,975 

Overdose deaths involving heroin decreased from 15,482 deaths in 2017 to 14,996 in 2018

The final two charts show the number of overdose deaths involving benzodiazepines or antidepressants. Benzodiazepines were involved in 10,734 deaths in 2018—a decrease from the 11,537 deaths in 2017. These were driven by the combination of these prescription drugs with an opioid.

Deaths involving antidepressants are also rising, although at a much slower rate than benzodiazepines. As is the case with benzodiazepines, deaths involving antidepressants are mainly driven by those also involving synthetic opioids.

Overdose Treatment

Heroin Overdose is a dangerous and deadly consequence of heroin use. A large dose of heroin depresses heart rate and breathing to such an extent that a user cannot survive without medical help. For the treatment, you should call 911 then after that go to a Heroin Rehab.

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